Application of Water Jet Cutting in Composite Material Cutting

As everyone knows, a composite material consists of two or more different materials combined to enhance overall properties. These materials are bonded together through physical or chemical methods, resulting in a new performance material with unique characteristics. However, composite materials pose specific challenges during processing due to their non-uniform structure and varying melting points across layers. Traditional hot cutting processes are not ideal for these materials, as they can lead to significant defects such as incision damage and delamination.

Description: water jet cutter

Water Jet Cutting: The Optimal Solution

Water jet cutting, particularly ultra-high pressure water jet cutting, offers an effective solution to these challenges for several reasons:

  1. Cold Cutting Process:
  • No Thermal Reaction: Water jet cutting is a cold cutting process, meaning it does not generate heat that could cause thermal reactions or hot cracking. This is crucial for composite materials, as the heat from traditional cutting methods can cause uneven melting or warping due to the different melting points of the materials in the composite.
  • Preservation of Material Integrity: By avoiding heat, water jet cutting preserves the integrity of the composite material, ensuring that its properties are not altered during the cutting process.
  1. Non-Contact Cutting:
  • Suspended Cutting Head: The cutting head in water jet cutting is suspended above the surface of the workpiece. This non-contact method prevents physical damage or stress to the material, which is essential for maintaining the composite’s structural integrity.
  • Avoiding Destruction: Traditional cutting methods can cause direct physical damage, leading to defects such as chipping, fraying, or delamination. The non-contact nature of water jet cutting eliminates these risks.

Description: waterjet machine

  1. Versatility for Different Composites:
  • Pure Water Cutting for Soft Composites: For softer composite materials such as plastics and man-made fibers, pure water jet cutting is sufficient. The high-pressure water stream can cleanly and efficiently cut through these materials without needing additional abrasives.
  • Abrasive Water Cutting for Hard Composites: For harder composite materials that include metals or tough non-metals, abrasive particles can be added to the water jet. This enhances the cutting power, allowing it to cut through both metal and non-metal components effectively.
  • Smooth and Clean Cuts: Whether using pure water or abrasive water jets, the resulting cuts are smooth and clean, reducing the need for secondary finishing processes.


  1. Non-Destructive Cutting:
  • Minimizing Defects: Water jet cutting produces clean, precise cuts without causing delamination or other forms of internal damage. This is vital for composites, as maintaining the integrity of the bonded layers is crucial for the material’s performance.
  • Efficient Cutting Process: The precision of water jet cutting minimizes material wastage and ensures that the final product retains its designed properties and performance characteristics.

Description: waterjet

In conclusion, water jet cutting is the best choice for processing composite materials due to its cold cutting nature, non-contact method, adaptability to different material types, and ability to produce smooth, non-destructive cuts. These advantages make it superior to traditional cutting methods, ensuring the integrity and performance of the composite materials are maintained.






Company NameYC WATERJET (YC Industry Co.,Ltd)

City, State, CountryWuXi JiangSu, China

AddressNO.3 Changfa Road Yangshan

Contact PersonSherry